Python program to find h.c.f. of two numbers using iteration

find h.c.f. of two numbers

In this tutorial, we are going to learn writing a python program to calculate the Highest Common Factor of two numbers. In this program we will use iteration concept.

Problem Statement

For any two numbers that are inputs given by the user, we have to calculate and print the h.c.f. of that numbers.

 For example:

Case1: If the user inputs the numbers 4 and 6.

            then the output should be ‘2’.

Case2: If the user inputs the numbers 5 and 7.

            then the output should be ‘1’.

Our logic to find h.c.f. of two numbers

  • Our program will take two inputs numbers from the user.
  • Using the ‘if-else’ conditional statement, we find the minimum of two input integers and store it in the ‘minimum’ variable.
  • We will use ‘for loop’ with ‘range’ function with the argument, 1 as start, and minimum+1 as the stop.
  • Inside the ‘for loop’ block, we find the highest factor which is common to both input numbers.
  • Print the HCF as the output of our program.

Algorithm to find h.c.f. of two numbers

Step 1: Start

Step 2: take two integer inputs from the user and store them in num1 and num2 variable

Step 3:if num1>num2:

                        minimum = num2

            else:

                        minimum = num1

Step 4:  for i in range (1, minimum+1):

                       if ((num1%i==0) and  (num2%i==0)):

                                                hcf = i

Step 5: print hcf

Step 6: Stop

Python code to find h.c.f. of two numbers

Output 1:

python program to calculate hcf of two numbers

Explanation:

 For inputs 8 and 2, the program is finding the highest factor that is common in both 8 and 2.

The factor of 8 is 1,2,4,8 and the factor of 2 is 1,2. The highest factor common in both is 2.

Output 2:

python program to calculate hcf of two numbers

Explanation:

For inputs 25 and 18, the program is finding the highest factor that is common in both 25 and 18.

The factor of 25 is 1,5,25 and the factor of 18 is 1,2,3,6,9,18. The highest factor common in both is 1.