[Answered] What @Component annotation does on class?

In Spring Framework (including Spring Boot), the @Component annotation is used to mark a Java class as a Spring-managed component. When you annotate a class with @Component, Spring will automatically detect and register it as a Spring bean during the component scanning process. This means that Spring will create an instance of the class and manage its lifecycle, making it available for dependency injection and other Spring-related features.

Here’s what @Component does in more detail:

  1. Component Scanning: Spring uses component scanning to automatically discover and register Spring components (beans) in your application. When you mark a class with @Component, it tells Spring to include that class as a candidate for component scanning.
  2. Bean Registration: When Spring detects a class annotated with @Component, it creates an instance of that class and registers it as a Spring bean in the application context. This allows you to access and use the bean throughout your application.
  3. Dependency Injection: Once a class is registered as a Spring bean, you can inject it into other Spring-managed components using annotations like @Autowired, @Resource, or constructor-based injection. This promotes the use of the Dependency Injection (DI) design pattern.
  4. Lifecycle Management: Spring manages the lifecycle of beans created using @Component. It handles tasks like bean initialization and destruction (using methods annotated with @PostConstruct and @PreDestroy) and ensures that beans are properly configured and cleaned up.

Here’s an example of how you might use @Component in a Spring Boot application:

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class MyComponent {
    public void doSomething() {
        // Your component's functionality goes here

In this example, MyComponent is annotated with @Component, indicating that it’s a Spring-managed component. You can then inject and use MyComponent in other parts of your application, and Spring will take care of creating and managing its lifecycle.

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class MyService {
    private final MyComponent myComponent;

    public MyService(MyComponent myComponent) {
        this.myComponent = myComponent;

    public void doServiceStuff() {
        myComponent.doSomething(); // Using the injected component

In this example, MyService is also a Spring-managed component, and it uses constructor injection to receive an instance of MyComponent. Spring automatically provides the necessary dependencies, making it easy to work with components in a decoupled and manageable way.